The field of information technology (IT) is defined as the design, development, application, employment, support or administration of a set of technological equipment, tools, and processes. It also concerns methodologies associated with the collection, retrieval, transmission, manipulation and presentation of data. Though usually associated with computers and computer networks, IT also includes technologies such as television, telecommunications and other multimedia platforms used in a commercial or enterprise context.
Due to the continuous advancements in technology, IT is an area of business that is rapidly expanding and is therefore in constant need of people. The roles of those working in IT positions usually involve network administration duties, software development, and/or installations responsibilities, as well as tasks concerning the planning and management of a firm’s hardware and software life cycle. Typical jobs can diverge from data processing and data communication functions, to system analysts, webmasters and IT management posts.
Much like jobs in the areas of human resources and engineering, IT functions are also incorporated in companies of all shapes and sizes. Therefore, aspiring IT students and graduates have the chance to work in any number of different organizations and business industries across the world. With things better than ever for those interested in computers and other multimedia technologies, pursuing a career within IT opens a world of opportunities.